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2011 Hindu Calenders

29 December 2010- Hindu calender is also known as "Penchang" or "panchanga" or "Panjika". It is very helpful in calculating the dates of festivals, full moon and no moon night and other such events that are important in Hindu religion. For calculating the dates, movement of moon are considered. Vedanga Jyotisha of Lagadha of late BCE subsidiary to the Vedas is the root of almost all the Hindu calender in India. Hindu calender is based on the astronomical calculations.

Parts of Hindu Calender
  • Tithi
  • Vaara (day)
  • Nakshatra
  • Karana
  • Yoga

Vaara in Hindu Calender

2011 Hindu Calenders
2011 Hindu Calenders
Ravi Vaara = Sunday              Ravi = Sun
Soma Vaara = Monday          Soma = Moon
Mangala Vaara = Tuesday      Mangala = Mars
Budha Vaara = Wednesday     Budha = Mercury
Guru Vaara = Thursday           Guru (Brihaspati) = Jupiter
Shukra Vaara = Friday           Shukra = Venus
Shani Vaara = Saturday            Shani = Saturn

Types of Hindu CalenderThere are two types of Hindu calender

  • Chandramaana (Lunar Calendar)
  • Sauramaana (Solar Calendar)

In Chandramaana Hindu calender, motion of moon around the Sun is considered to calculate the dates of the year. Moon takes 354 days to complete one circle around the Sun. Moon calender is widely followed all across India. Further the moon calender is on two types. One moon calender starts with the Kartika month and to calculate this first day is counted from Poornima or the full moon. It is known as Kartikadi system. For another Hindu moon calender the calculations are done from Amavasya or the new moon and it starts with the month Chaitra.

In Sauramaana Hindu calender, motion of earth around Sun is considered to calculate the dates. Earth takes 365.25 days to complete one circle. In Solar calender the names of the 12 months are Chaitra, Visakha, Jyestha, Ashadha, Shravana, Bhadrapada, Ashwija, Kartika, Margasira, Pushya, Magha and Phalguna.

Panchang is mostly based on the Lunar calender but the dates for determining the months or festivals except for Loori, Makara Sankranti and Baishaakhi are not determined by this. In Lunar calender one month that is known as Sunya Maasa, Loonth or Purushottam) is added after every three years to Hindu calender. The addition is done in the middle of the year.

Hindu Calender 2011 Hindu Calender
Hindu Pad - Download Hindu Calender 2011
Hindu Calender 2011